The quiet 2014 Atlantic Hurricane season is over and can now be placed into the record books. A total of eight named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes (with maximum sustained winds of at least 111 mph) made this year less active than normal.
The season officially runs from June 1 to November 30 and includes the Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. In May, WeatherBug meteorologists forecasted a 2014 Atlantic hurricane season with average-to-below-average storm activity.
Here’s a quick look back at the named storms:
The traditional start of the season, June, featured no activity in the Atlantic. The good fortune quickly ended on July 1 with formation of Arthur off Florida’s east coast. After quickly becoming a hurricane on July 3, Arthur swept up the East Coast, making landfall between Cape Lookout, N.C., and Beaufort, N.C., on July 3, bringing maximum sustained winds of 100 mph.
The Atlantic’s engine revved up August 1 with Hurricane Bertha. Initially, Bertha formed almost 300 miles east of Barbados. It moved across the northeastern Caribbean, bringing heavy rain and wind to Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and southeastern Bahamas. Once it neared the Gulf Stream a few days later, it strengthened into a hurricane and passed harmlessly between Bermuda and the U.S. in early August. The only impact on both Bermuda and the East Coast was dangerous rip currents and large swells.
Two weeks later, Cristobal took a similar path. At first, the tropical depression formed over the Turks and Caicos before becoming a tropical storm in the southeastern Bahamas. Cristobal brought heavy rain to islands in the Caribbean and few showers to Bermuda but only produced large swells on the East Coast.
Three days after Cristobal faded, Tropical Storm Dolly formed in the Bay of Campeche. It was a short-lived storm, making landfall September 2 south of Mexico City before dissipating as it moved inland.
The first major hurricane of the season was right on cue. Edouard, which formed in the south-central Atlantic, steered clear of the Caribbean, Bermuda and the U.S. East Coast. Upon forming on September 11, light winds aloft and warm water helped strengthen Edouard into a major hurricane 5 days later when it was 420 miles east of Bermuda. The storm steered north and east away from Bermuda and the East Coast.
Following the traditional mid-September Atlantic tropical activity peak, three additional named storms closed out the season. Fay formed from a subtropical depression almost 600 miles south of Bermuda on October 10. Fay made landfall on Bermuda by October 12 with wind gusts up to 82 mph before the storm pulled away and weakened well to the east of the island.
There was no rest for storm-weary Bermuda in mid-October as Hurricane Gonzalo slammed into the island. Quickly, Gonzalo formed a fs east of the Leeward Islands on the same day Fay made landfall in Bermuda. Gonzalo smacked into Bermuda on October 17, with wind gusts reaching 122 mph recorded at our WeatherBug weather station in St. George’s and 127 mph at Commissioner’s Point.
The final storm of the season wasn’t far behind, but had quite a history behind it. Tropical Storm Trudy in the eastern Pacific dissipated as it moved into Mexico’s mountains. Its remnant moved north into the Bay of Campeche on October 21 and became a tropical depression. After weakening on the Yucatan Peninsula the next day, it redeveloped in the northwestern Caribbean and became Tropical Storm Hanna. Hanna drifted south and east and meandered into Nicaragua on October 27 and quickly dissipated.